Simple study zapping volunteers drew distinction between unpleasantness ratings and suffering to point it considered it a distinct pain factor. This is not new news to anyone whose life has been changed by pain.
Suffering as an independent component of the experience of pain
S. Bustan, A.M. Gonzalez-Roldan, S. Kamping, M. Brunner, M. Löffler, H. Flor and F. Anton
European Journal of Pain in presshttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25857478
- Felt that 3 major features to pain – severity, unpleasantness and suffering
- found tonic (short web pinching) rather than phasic (longer) pain stimulation affected unpleasantness and suffering
Comment- suffering is built up of many factors – three worst come to mind:
- future dread
- social stigma and rejection
- Seeing ones family decompensate
Top two brought on by needing to prove one’s pain and not knowing if one’s claim will be rejected. Bet people could add lots here.